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In the Early Years we use 'in the moment' planning which is where topics are based on what a child is interested in.  The planning will incorporate all areas of the Early Years Foundation.


The prime areas are: 

Communication and language development 

Giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment, develop confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Physical development 

Providing opportunities to be active, interactive and develop co-ordination, control, and movement. Children are also helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy food choices.

Personal, social, and emotional development 

Enabling children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others, to form positive relationships and develop respect for others, develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings, understand appropriate behaviour in groups and to have confidence in their own abilities.


The four specific areas below help with applying the prime areas. 

Literacy development

Encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children are given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to get them interested.


Providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

Understanding the world

Guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Expressive arts and design

About enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and technology.